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Learn how car insurance in B.C. is calculated

Basic car insurance in British Columbia is regulated and provided by the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia (ICBC) through the Crown corporation’s program, Autoplan. Additional, non-mandatory coverage can be purchased from private car insurance companies.

Because B.C. has a public car insurance system, LowestRates.ca can’t provide a car insurance estimator tool for B.C. customers like we do for other provinces. However, the ICBC does have its own car insurance cost calculator for B.C. residents. Additionally, you can find an Autoplan broker by clicking on the ‘Find Broker’ button above.

Keep reading to learn how your B.C. car insurance rate is calculated and what you can do to get the most coverage for the best price under B.C.’s car insurance system.

B.C. auto insurance calculator questions

How to calculate car insurance rates in British Columbia

Even though the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia (ICBC) is the sole provider of car insurance to all drivers in British Columbia, car insurance premiums are calculated roughly the same way they are in any other province, with a few differences.

As in other provinces with public car insurance systems, B.C. drivers are not rated based on their age and gender. By contrast, car insurance companies are allowed to base rates on this criteria in Ontario and Alberta.

And there’s one other crucial difference: in British Columbia, each insurance policy starts with a base premium. The base premium for basic insurance is $1,063 (as of April 2019). The premium increases or decreases depending on the following categories:

  • Vehicle information
  • Driver information
  • Discount information

We’ll go into detail about each category.

Vehicle information

Here are the kind of questions you can expect to be asked when you buy an Autoplan insurance policy. It is helpful to have the answers handy beforehand to have the best experience.

  • Vehicle type: Insurance companies can predict how much it would cost to repair or replace your car based on the vehicle year, make, and model. Insurance companies also keep track of which models are most often targeted by thieves.
  • Whether the vehicle is leased or was purchased: Insurance companies want to know if your car is leased because some leasing contracts might stipulate that you need to buy additional coverage.
  • Where the car is parked overnight: Ideally, your car is parked overnight in a private garage. If the car is parked on the street or in an open-air driveway, it’s at a higher risk of environmental damage and/or theft.
  • The primary use of this vehicle: If you use your car to commute for work, you will pay higher insurance costs than someone who only drives the car occasionally.
  • The number of kilometers driven to work or school one way (each day): The number of kilometers you drive each day will impact your car insurance premium.

Driver information

Next, you’ll be asked some questions about yourself and your driving history.

  • Where you live: The ICBC divides up the province into territories, as congestion varies based on location. Urban drivers generally pay more for car insurance than rural ones.
  • The age the driver was first licenced: The longer you’ve been a driver, the lower your car insurance costs will be.
  • Whether you’ve ever cancelled your insurance: An unbroken history of holding insurance will help you score a lower rate.
  • Whether you’ve had claims or accidents within the last 10 years: Either of these will raise your car insurance premiums.
  • Who else is driving your car: As of 2019, B.C. drivers must indicate whether other people will be using the car.
  • Whether you’ve had any traffic convictions: Parking tickets don’t count. We’re talking about drunk driving charges, speeding tickets, stunt driving, distracted driving, and more.

Discount information

The ICBC provides various car insurance discounts. Your Autoplan insurance broker should work with you to help you determine which ones you qualify for. Here are the discounts the ICBC offers B.C. drivers:

  • Low-kilometre discount: Drivers who drive less than 5,000 km a year can get a 10% discount. This option is only available to drivers of private passenger vehicles (motorcycles are excluded). Only annual policies are eligible for the discount (not short-term policies).
  • Autonomous emergency braking (AEB) discount: Some cars come equipped with a braking system that automatically engages when the car detects that the vehicle is about to collide with another object. AEB has been proven to prevent crashes. Cars with AEB are eligible for a 10% discount from the ICBC.
  • Experienced-driver savings: The ICBC provides discounts for drivers with at least 40 years of driving experience.
  • Anti-theft device discount: Cars with passive electronic immobilizers — devices that disable your car's engine when the ignition is turned off and won't start until it recognizes a special key — can help you further reduce your car insurance premiums. Other anti-theft devices can qualify you for a $100 deductible rebate.
  • Disability discount: Drivers who qualify for the Fuel Tax Refund Program for Persons with Disabilities may also qualify for a 25% discount on a basic Autoplan policy. The discount still applies even if the person with the disability is unable to drive the car being insured.

The average monthly cost of car insurance in B.C.

Despite an almost entirely government-run insurance market, B.C. drivers pay the highest car insurance rates in the country.

The base premium for basic insurance is $1,063. The base premium either rises or falls depending on your driving and insurance history. According to the Insurance Bureau of Canada, drivers pay an average of $1,832 a year for car insurance.

As in Ontario, the car insurance industry blames rampant fraud for sky-high B.C. insurance rates. Other factors that contribute to B.C.'s steep premiums include strict mandatory minimum liability regulations and generous accident benefits laws. Some experts also say the lack of competition in the province's government-dominated insurance market is a key contributor to high insurance rates.

Mandatory car insurance coverages in British Columbia

The following coverage is included in a basic Autoplan policy:

  • Accident benefits: Drivers in B.C. must buy a benefit valued at least $300,000. This coverage will cover your costs, wages (up to $740 a week), rehabilitation, and more if you’re injured in a crash. This coverage will still apply even if you were responsible for the crash.
  • Third-party liability: This coverage protects you if you are at-fault for an accident that damages another person’s car and/or injures them. Basic Autoplan covers up to $200,000 in vehicle damage.
  • Underinsured motorist protection (UMP): This coverage compensates you if you’re involved in an accident with a person that doesn’t have enough third-party liability insurance to pay for the damage caused to you. It provides compensation for up to $1-million per insured person. You can purchase extended uninsured motorist protection that increases your benefit to a total of $2 million, $3 million, $4 million, or $5 million.
  • Hit-and-run damage and injuries​: Up to $200,000 is available to anyone whose property is damaged or who is injured or killed as a result of a hit-and-run. This coverage is available to all B.C. residents, even if you don’t own or insure a vehicle.
  • Inverse liability protection: If you get into an accident in a part of Canada or the U.S. that has laws against filing a claim against the other party involved, your Autoplan policy will cover up to 100% of the cost to repair your car (less if you’re at-fault).

Optional car insurance coverages in British Columbia

Personal injury and basic property damage costs are covered by Autoplan. But it’s possible to buy extra coverage for your car. Here are the different types of insurance policies that will protect your car:

  • Collision coverage: This coverage will pay to repair or replace your car if it has been involved in a collision.
  • Comprehensive: Will pay to repair or replace your car if it has been stolen, damaged by vandalism or by falling objects.
  • Specified perils: An “à la carte” option for insurance coverage; you can pick and choose which insurance perils you want coverage from. Be warned, if it’s not in your policy, you don’t have coverage for it.
  • All perils: A combination of collision and comprehensive. All perils is an optional coverage.

Other tips on how to save on car insurance in British Columbia

There are many ways to get cheap auto insurance in B.C.:

  • Pay premiums on time.
  • Maintain a good driving history.
  • Choose the appropriate amount of insurance coverage.
  • Complete a certified driver training program.

Don’t forget about home insurance.

The provincial government is the sole provider of third-party liability auto insurance (mandatory for all drivers). This means LowestRates.ca can’t offer our quote comparison service to B.C. residents. But don’t worry, there are still ways to save on your overall insurance costs.

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Alexandra Bosanac

Alexandra Bosanac

About the Author

Alexandra Bosanac is the Core Content Manager for LowestRates.ca. Her reporting has appeared in Canadian Business, the Toronto Star, the National Post, and the CBC.

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